AskDefine | Define emigration

Dictionary Definition

emigration n : migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another) [syn: out-migration, expatriation]

User Contributed Dictionary



From emigrationem.



  1. The act of emigrating; movement of a person or persons out of a country or national region, for the purpose of permanent relocation of residence.
  2. A body of emigrants; emigrants collectively; as, the German emigration.


act of emigrating
body emigrants; emigrants collectively




Extensive Definition

Emigration is the act and the phenomenon of leaving one's native country or region to settle in another. It is the same as immigration but from the perspective of the country of origin. Human movement before the establishment of state boundaries or within one state, is termed migration. There are many reasons why people might choose to emigrate. Some are for political or economic reasons, or for personal reasons like finding a spouse while visiting another country and emigrating to be with them. Many older people living in rich nations with cold climates will choose to move to warmer climates when they retire.
Many political or economic emigrants move together with their families toward new regions or new countries where they hope to find peace or job opportunities not available to them in their original location. Throughout history a large number of emigrants return to their homelands, often after they have earned sufficient money in the other country. Sometimes these emigrants move to countries with big cultural differences and will always feel as guests in their destinations, and preserve their original culture, traditions and language, sometimes transmitting them to their children. The conflict between the native and the newer culture may easily create social contrasts, generally resulting in an uncomfortable situation for the "foreigners", who have to understand legal and social systems sometimes new and strange to them. Often, communities of emigrants grow up in the destination areas.
Emigration had a profound influence on the world in the 19th and the 20th century, when hundreds of thousands of poor families left Europe for the United States, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, Colombia, Australia and New Zealand.
Even though definitions may be vague and vary somewhat, emigration/immigration should not be confused with the phenomenon of involuntary migration, such as instances of population transfer or ethnic cleansing.
Motives to migrate can be either incentives attracting people away, known as pull factors, or circumstances encouraging a person to leave, known as push factors, for example:

Push factors

These factors, excepting disagreement with politics and discontent with natives, generally do not affect people in developed countries; even a natural disaster is unlikely to cause out-migration.

Pull factors

  • Higher incomes
  • Lower taxes
  • Better weather
  • Better availability of employment
  • Better medical facilities
  • Better education facilities
  • Better behaviour among people
  • Family reasons
  • Political stability
  • Religious tolerance
  • Relative freedom
  • National prestige
emigration in Catalan: Emigració
emigration in Czech: Emigrace
emigration in Danish: Emigration
emigration in German: Auswanderung
emigration in Spanish: Emigración
emigration in Esperanto: Elmigrado
emigration in Galician: Emigración
emigration in Croatian: Emigracija
emigration in Italian: Emigrazione
emigration in Hebrew: הגירה
emigration in Latvian: Emigrācija
emigration in Lithuanian: Emigracija
emigration in Dutch: Emigratie
emigration in Norwegian: Utvandring
emigration in Portuguese: Emigração
emigration in Romanian: Emigraţie
emigration in Russian: Эмиграция
emigration in Serbian: Емиграција
emigration in Ukrainian: Еміграція
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